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Bitcoin - The Internet of Money
/btc was created to foster and support free and open Bitcoin discussion about cryptocurrency, Bitcoin news, and exclusive AMA (Ask Me Anything) interviews from top Bitcoin and cryptocurrency leaders. Bitcoin is the currency of the Internet. A distributed, worldwide, decentralized digital money. Unlike traditional currencies such as dollars, bitcoins are issued and managed without the need for any central authority whatsoever. Learn more about Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, cryptocurrency, and more.
Bitcoin Cash (BCH) brings sound money to the world. Merchants and users are empowered with low fees and reliable confirmations. The future shines brightly with unrestricted growth, global adoption, permissionless innovation, and decentralized development. All Bitcoin holders as of block 478558 are now owners of Bitcoin Cash. All Bitcoiners are welcome to join the Bitcoin Cash community as we move forward in creating sound money accessible to the whole world.
Fee Comparison Trading Bitcoin on CFD sites vs. Spot-Margin Exchanges vs. Futures Exchanges
When you want to speculate on changes in bitcoin price, there's three main types of places you can achieve this on:
CFD sites - where the 'broker' takes the other side of your trade and behaves more like a bookmaker which manages their risk exposure than an exchange. They often state they have "no fees", but the bid-ask spread and leverage fees can add up.
Spot-margin exchanges - where you are trading with other customers and the exchange takes a fee on trades. The spread varies based on market liquidity and margin varies based on exchange policy and market rates too. But since you are borrowing money on spot, someone has to finance it and you pay interest on the leverage as well, whether it's the exchange or another customer who lends you the funds on margin. You also will pay roughly 0.1-0.3% nominally on trade fees.
Futures exchanges -- similar to spot exchanges but the margin within the contracts is completely free and provided within the contracts itself, not requiring borrowing of any funds to engage in leverage. Whether you are at 2x or 100x leverage, you do not pay any interest/financing charges at all. You and your counterparty in an open position are providing the leverage, and the exchange provides the mechanism to handle people who fall short of margin requirements. Trade fees range from -0.1% to 0.075% per trade.
Bid-Ask Spread (Max Leverage, as % of Initial Margin)
Daily Charge (Max Leverage, as % of Initial Margin)
0.01-0.08% (Varies, market based)
0.1% (Exchange-provided, not market-based)
0.01-0.05% (Varies, Market based)
0.02-0.25% (Depends on contract/liquidity)
0.05-0.8% (Depends on contract/liquidity)
TL;DR Liquid bitcoin futures exchanges offer the lowest cost choice to do leveraged bitcoin trading, and have multiple fee discount advantages over Spot Margin exchanges and especially CFD sites. However, socialised losses ("DPE") are the downside: they are a form of hidden fee themselves against profitable traders who bear the load of system losses. Edit: Fixed SimpleFX max leverage for BTC to 10x not 25x. Also included a warning about socialised losses for trading bitcoin futures at high leverage.
Advice About Bitcoin Transaction Fees (In anticipation of high fees for the next bullrun)
Hi guys, this is my first post here! Thanks for having me, I interact a lot on Bitcoin and crypto groups on Facebook but I wanted to find new Bitcoin folks and discussions here! The other day I saw someone complaining about the wait time for a Bitcoin transaction so I wrote a few pieces of advice in regards to Bitcoin transaction fees. I hope this can be useful for some of you! Here it is: For those worried about Bitcoin's high transaction fees and transaction wait times right now, you should brace yourself for the upcoming TRUE Bitcoin Bullrun. Remember that in 2017, at the peak of the bubble, the average transaction fee was up to $ 50 per transaction and some people even paid $ 1000 for single transactions. This is sure to repeat itself at an unprecedented level as I believe this time around an even bigger wave of people will be buying Bitcoin. Not only investors like you and me, but also big companies who will buy in tens and hundreds of millions. Here are some tips to mitigate the impact of transaction fees on your use of Bitcoin.
1. Learn How to Use the Mempool.
The mempool is the space where valid Bitcoin transactions are stored while waiting to be included in a validated Bitcoin block. Obviously, miners will select transactions with higher transaction fees to fill up a valid block. I recommend this mempool explorer which visually represents how full the mempool is and will indicate to you how many satoshi /vbyte you need to apply on your transaction in order for it to be included in your desired timeframe. Fee estimators in wallets are not ideal and ultimately none of them has found the perfect recipe for proper fee estimation. Selecting the transaction fee manually by consulting the mempool remains the best option to select the fee. A few tips:
Evenings and weekends are generally less busy from a transactional standpoint, so this is a good time to save on fees.
If you're not in a rush, include a really low fee, it will be included at some point.
2. Use wallets that support Segwit and RBF (Replace by Fee)
Segwit is an improvement made to Bitcoin in 2017 that redefined the way transactions take space in a block. Just by using a Bitcoin wallet that supports it, you will save between 20-60% in fees depending on the complexity of the transaction. RBF is a function in wallets that allows you to modify the transaction fees associated with a transaction following its broadcast on the Bitcoin network. So, if your transaction does not go through quickly enough for your liking, you can increase the fee later. To find out which Bitcoin software wallet supports both features, you can consult this comparison table from Veriphi where they list several dozen wallets here. Fun fact: Veriphi also made a case study to find out how many fees could have been saved by Bitcoin users if they had used SEGWIT and the Batching technique in the cases where they apply.
Between 2012 and August 2020, more than 57,817 .69 BITCOINS would have been saved in transaction costs, or approximately 1 billion Canadian Dollars in transaction fees. For those who are interested in the results, check it out more in detail here.
3. Do not leave your coins on a platform (Bonus: Use a immediate delivery platform)
Custodial exchanges often block Bitcoin withdrawals during high transaction volume episodes because they do not want to pay their user's Bitcoin transaction fees. If they don't block it they will often make their user overpay for the transactions fees. This has happened in the PAST and even quite recently, so if you want to avoid a lot of the frustration and stress when the Bullrun comes, remove your coins from there before it is too late, preferably right now. Some non-custodial platform in Canada: veriphi.io Bullbitcoin.com I strongly anticipate the increase in transaction fees. Watch out for platforms that haven't implemented transaction optimization techniques yet, they will have the hardest time sending transactions. Check out this article about the advantages of an immediate delivery platform here.
High Bitcoin transaction fees are inevitable in Bitcoin and even desired because they will one day have to replace the block rewards. This is a demonstration that Bitcoin works and that the world is using it. By adopting the best practices and the right technologies, you will be able to mitigate your costs and accumulate more Bitcoin in the end. *Disclaimer: I work at Veriphi.io but didn't want to be too pushy, I hope you appreciate the tips and the provided resources. Cheers
There is a constant war being fought between goldbugs, like Peter Schiff, and Bitcoin enthusiasts so I decided to make an outline, with links, comparing and contrasting gold and Bitcoin. I made this in November of 2019 (thus the information therein is based on figures from that time) but, being scatter brained, neglected to post this for the Bitcoin community to see. The yardsticks I used to compare the two assets included the following: shipping/transactions costs, storage costs, censorship factor, settlement time, stock to flow, blockchain vs clearing house, validation, etc. I will also touch on Roosevelt's gold confiscation executive order in 1933, transporting gold during the Spanish Civil War in 1936, and the hypothetical cost for Venezuela to repatriate its gold more recently. I will provide a brief summary first then follow that with the outline I made. This information can be used as a tool for the Bitcoin community to combat some of the silly rhetoric coming from goldbugs such as Peter Schiff and James Rickards. I would like to make it clear, however, that I am not against gold and think that it performed its role as money very well in a technologically inferior era, namely Victorian times but I think Bitcoin performs the functions of money better than gold does in the current environment. I have been looking to make a contribution to the Bitcoin community and I hope this is a useful and educational tool for everyone who reads this. Summary: Shipping/transaction costs: 100 ounces of gold could be shipped for 315 dollars; the comparable dollar value in Bitcoin could be sent for 35 dollars using a non-segwit address. Using historical precendent, it would cost an estimated $32,997,989 to transport $1 billion in gold using the 3.3% fee that the Soviets charged the Spaniards in 1936; a $1 billion Bitcoin transaction moved for $690 last year by comparison. Please note that the only historic example we can provide for moving enormous sums of gold was when the government of Spain transported gold to Moscow during the Spanish Civil War in 1936. More information on this topic will be found in the notes section. Storage costs: 100 ounces of gold would require $451 per year to custody while the equivalent value of Bitcoin in dollar terms could be stored for the cost of a Ledger Nano S, $59.99. $1 billion USD value of gold would cost $2,900,000 per year while an Armory set up that is more secure would run you the cost of a laptop, $200-300. Censorship factor: Gold must pass through a 3rd party whenever it is shipped, whether for a transaction or for personal transportation. Gold will typically have to be declared and a customs duty may be imposed when crossing international borders. The key take-away is gatekeepers (customs) can halt movement of gold thus making transactions difficult. $46,000 of gold was seized in India despite the smugglers hiding it in their rectums. Settlement time: Shipping gold based on 100 ounces takes anywhere from 3-10 days while Bitcoin transactions clear in roughly 10 minutes depending on network congestion and fee size. Historic confiscation: Franklin Roosevelt confiscated and debased the paper value of gold in 1933 with Executive Order 6102. Since gold is physical in nature and value dense, it is often stored in custodial vaults like banks and so forth which act as a honeypot for rapacious governments. Stock to flow: Plan B's stock to flow model has become a favorite on twitter. Stock to flow measures the relationship between the total stock of an asset against the amount that is produced in a given year. Currently gold still has the highest value at 62 while Bitcoin sits at 50 in 2nd place. Bitcoin will overtake gold in 2024 after the next halving. Blockchain vs clearing house: gold payments historically passed through a 3rd party (clearinghouse) in order to be validated while Bitcoin transactions can be self validated through the use of a node. Key Takeaway from above- Bitcoin is vastly superior to gold in terms of cost, speed, and censorship resistance. One could theoretically carry around an enormous sum of Bitcoin on a cold card while the equivalent dollar value of gold would require a wheelbarrow...and create an enormous target on the back of the transporter. With the exception of the stock to flow ratio (which will flip in Bitcoin's favor soon), Bitcoin is superior to gold by all metrics covered. Notes: Shipping/transaction costs Gold 100 oz = 155,500. 45 x 7 = $315 to ship 100 oz gold. https://seekingalpha.com/instablog/839735-katchum/2547831-how-much-does-it-cost-to-ship-silver-and-gold https://www.coininvest.com/en/shipping-prices/ 211 tonnes Venezuela; 3.3% of $10.5 billion = 346,478,880 or 32,997,989/billion usd http://blogs.reuters.com/felix-salmon/2011/08/23/how-to-get-12-billion-of-gold-to-venezuela/ (counter party risk; maduro; quotes from article) Bitcoin 18 bitcoin equivalent value; 35 USD with legacy address https://blockexplorer.com/ https://bitcoinfees.info/ 1 billion; $690 dollars https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/09/someone-moved-1-billion-in-a-single-bitcoin-transaction/ Storage costs Gold .29% annually; https://sdbullion.com/gold-silver-storage 100 oz – $451/year $1 billion USD value – $2,900,000/year Bitcoin Ledger Nano S - $59.00 (for less bitcoin) https://shop.ledger.com/products/ledger-nano-s/transparent?flow_country=USA&gclid=EAIaIQobChMI3ILV5O-Z5wIVTtbACh1zTAwqEAQYASABEgJ5SPD_BwE Armory - $200-300 cost of laptop for setup https://www.bitcoinarmory.com/ Censorship factor (must pass through 3rd party) Varies by country Gold will typically have to be declared and a customs duty may be imposed Key take-away is gatekeepers (customs) can halt movement of gold thus making transactions difficult $46,000 seized in India https://www.foxnews.com/travel/indian-airport-stops-29-passengers-smuggling-gold-in-their-rectums Settlement time Gold For 100 oz transaction by USPS 3-10 days (must pass through 3rd party) Bitcoin Roughly 10 minutes to be included in next block Historic confiscation-roosevelt 1933 Executive Order 6102 (forced spending, fed could ban cash, go through and get quotes) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_Order_6102 “The stated reason for the order was that hard times had caused "hoarding" of gold, stalling economic growth and making the depression worse” Stock to flow; https://medium.com/@100trillionUSD/modeling-bitcoins-value-with-scarcity-91fa0fc03e25 (explain what it is and use charts in article) Gold; SF of 62 Bitcoin; SF of 25 but will double to 50 after May (and to 100 in four years) Blockchain vs clearing house Transactions can be validated by running a full node vs. third party settlement Validation Gold; https://www.goldismoney2.com/threads/cost-to-assay.6732/ (Read some responses) Bitcoin Cost of electricity to run a full node Breaking down Venezuela conundrum; http://blogs.reuters.com/felix-salmon/2011/08/23/how-to-get-12-billion-of-gold-to-venezuela/ “The last (and only) known case of this kind of quantity of gold being transported across state lines took place almost exactly 75 years ago, in 1936, when the government of Spain removed 560 tons of gold from Madrid to Moscow as the armies of Francisco Franco approached. Most of the gold was exchanged for Russian weaponry, with the Soviet Union keeping 2.1% of the funds in the form of commissions and brokerage, and an additional 1.2% in the form of transport, deposit, melting, and refining expenses.” “Venezuela would need to transport the gold in several trips, traders said, since the high value of gold means it would be impossible to insure a single aircraft carrying 211 tonnes. It could take about 40 shipments to move the gold back to Caracas, traders estimated. “It’s going to be quite a task. Logistically, I’m not sure if the central bank realises the magnitude of the task ahead of them,” said one senior gold banker.” “So maybe Chávez intends to take matters into his own hands, and just sail the booty back to Venezuela on one of his own naval ships. Again, the theft risk is obvious — seamen can be greedy too — and this time there would be no insurance. Chávez is pretty crazy, but I don’t think he’d risk $12 billion that way.” “Which leaves one final alternative. Gold is fungible, and people are actually willing to pay a premium to buy gold which is sitting in the Bank of England’s ultra-secure vaults. So why bother transporting that gold at all? Venezuela could enter into an intercontinental repo transaction, where it sells its gold in the Bank of England to some counterparty, and then promises to buy it all back at a modest discount, on condition that it’s physically delivered to the Venezuelan central bank in Caracas. It would then be up to the counterparty to work out how to get 211 tons of gold to Caracas by a certain date. That gold could be sourced anywhere in the world, and transported in any conceivable manner — being much less predictable and transparent, those shipments would also be much harder to hijack. How much of a discount would a counterparty require to enter into this kind of transaction? Much more than 3.3%, is my guess. And again, it’s not entirely clear who would even be willing to entertain the idea. Glencore, perhaps?” “But here’s one last idea: why doesn’t Chávez crowdsource the problem? He could simply open a gold window at the Banco Central de Venezuela, where anybody at all could deliver standard gold bars. In return, the central bank would transfer to that person an equal number of gold bars in the custody of the Bank of England, plus a modest bounty of say 2% — that’s over $15,000 per 400-ounce bar, at current rates. It would take a little while, but eventually the gold would start trickling in: if you’re willing to pay a constant premium of 2% over the market price for a good, you can be sure that the good in question will ultimately find its way to your door. And the 2% cost of acquiring all that gold would surely be much lower than the cost of insuring and shipping it from England. It would be an elegant market-based solution to an artificial and ideologically-driven problem; I daresay Chávez might even chuckle at the irony of it. He’d just need to watch out for a rise in Andean banditry, as thieves tried to steal the bars on their disparate journeys into Venezuela.”
Warning, long post from my mornings contemplation. See https://twitter.com/markjeffrey/status/1300175793352445952 (Mark Jeffery 30 mins) for a video explaining DeFi. This is my attempt at explaining DeFi. I’m still learning this stuff, so any corrections are welcomed. Links are provided for information, none are recommendations, nor referral links. Do your own research (DYOR) before investing :) I’ll try not to shill YFI too much... Not all platforms use the same mechanics as I describe, but I think I’ve covered the most common ones. Stable coins Crypro currency that is intended to maintain a level value. Normally with respect to USD $. Some rely on a trusted third party who has actual USD sitting in a bank account (USDT aka Tether, USDC…), others are trustless (DAI) Maker Lock collateral into the smart contract. Then DIA can be generated, and used for other things. DAI is designed to match the USD, and is completely trustless. You must have more value staked than the DAI removed (at least 150% over collateral) or you will get liquidated. BTC on ETH Bitcoin can not be directly used on the etherium chain. So, there are a number ways to make the value availble. Most involve trusting a 3rd party and the most common is wrapped BTC wBTC. Notes WETH (Wrapped ETH) is used by some contracts to use ETH (direct use of ETH is not possible in some contracts) Unlinke WBTC, WETH is trustless as evrythign is done on the etherium blockchain (I think). Lending You deposit a valuable token onto a pool on platform, someone else borrows it. They pay interest to the pool. You get a proportion of the pools interest over time. When there is high demand for a particular token, the interest rate increases dynamically. e.g. look at the interest rate model and click on the figure for https://compound.finance/markets/USDC Borrow rates increase lineally as more of the available pool is loaned. 2% at zero and 12.5% when the pool is emptied. Earnings are lower than the borrowing rates because: There is more in the pool than borrowed. The platform takes a cut. e.g. 50% of the pool is borrowed, the borrower pays 7.25%, but the lenders only get 3.38%. 3.38/0.5 = 6.76%, so about 0.5% of the interest is being taken by compound. Different pools have different interest rate functions, DAI has an inflection point to maintain a buffer https://compound.finance/markets/DAI The interest rate increases slowly to 4% until 75% of the available pool is loaned out. Then it’s much more expensive to borrow e.g. 16% APR at 90% utilisation. When lending a single token into a single pool, you should always get the (slightly ?) more of same token back. How lending works You deposit ETH, you are given a token back as proof of participation in the pool (cETH for comound.finance). The exchange rate for cETH to ETH is NOT fixed. Rather is changes over time. As the ETH interest is paid into the pool the cETH becomes more valuable compared to the initial deposit. e.g. you deposit 10 ETH, and get 499.52 cETH. In a months time, you repay the 499.2 cETH cETH and get 10.1 ETH back. You have just gained 1%. Taxes In many jurisdictions, converting ETH to cETH would be classed as a taxable event (DYOR ! ) Lego Bricks The cETH represents your ETH, so it has value. This means it can be used for other things... Lego bricks is taken to mean that all these things fit together and you can sue them in different ways. How borrowing works You need to be over colarteralised to borrow from most platforms. So, if you deposit 10.0 ETH into a smart contract, you (currently) have $4,000 of collateral to work with. The platform may then let you borrow a % of your collateral in other tokens. So, you can borrow $2,000 of USDC, to buy more 5 ETH. Then when ETH price goes up you sell $2100 back to USDC and repay the interest. Now you have 10.x ETH. This is a form of Leverage, when the price goes up, you win. However, if the ETH price goes down, you risk being Liquidated. This means part of your collateral will be sold at the (lower) market price to repay your loan. There will likely be a penalty for you. (e.g. @ ETH = $300, 7.33 of your ETH is sold for $2,400, your USDC loan is repaid, and you keep the remaining 2.67 ETH and the 5 ETH you purchased. Shorting Deposit $8,000 collateral, Borrow 10 ETH and sell for $400 each. If the price drops to $380, buy 10.1 ETH and repay the loan and interest. You have just made $162 profit. However, if the price goes up you will still need to buy 10.1 ETH. Flash Loans A technomage creates a single transaction that borrows lots of money. Then within the same single ~13 second block uses it to do lots of complex things to hopefully make a profit. As it’s all within a single block, collateral is not required. See https://mobile.twitter.com/nanexcool/status/1297068546023993349 for a transaction that made ~46,000 USDC profit (without collateral) If this post is introducing you to the possibilities of flash loans, you are very unlikely to ever do one in the near future. I think Aave is the most common source for flash loans. Simple farming lending: Simply put you token in which ever platform offers the largest interest rate. Moving to the best option costs gas (and attention). Complex lending farming Some platforms offer tokens in return for using a platform, so simple APR comparisons aren’t sufficient. If the additional platform token has high value it can distort the market. E.g. when COMP was initially offered, it was profitable to:
Place collateral on compound.finance
Borrow BAT at 30%
Lend the BAT back to the same platform at 15%
Collect the COMP accrued due to interest paid and interest earned.
Sell the COMP on the open market.
This technique was made less favourable by compound changing the distribution model so smaller pools (like BAT) couldn’t be exploited in this way. DEX Decentralised exchanges range from ones that operate with depositing assets, trading with an order book and then withdrawing, to simple interfaces that allow you to swap tokens. of the latter, the most popular is uniswap. Liquidity provision The swap based DEX’s rely on liquidity providers (LP). Here you deposit equal values of two tokens e.g. USDC and ETH. Then any time someone wants to swap USDC for ETH on the exchange, they add USDC and remove ETH from the pool. Each time someone does a swap, they pay a fee to the liquidity pool and you get a share. Impairment loss However, if the price of one asset goes up, the pool with stabilise to have less of it. So you see an overall increase, but not as much as if you had just hold’ed. See https://twitter.com/ChainLinkGod/status/1270046868932661248 for an example. Hopefully, the fees accrued are greater than the losses. https://twitter.com/Tetranode/status/1300326676451057664/photo/1 Stable coin pairs If you restrict yourself to similar things (e.g. USD stable coins, or different versions of BTC on Ethereum), then the impairment loss is much reduced. Curve.finance focuses on such like for like pools and allows multiple tokens in a single pool. Complex farming liquidity pools Taking advantage of governance token rewards for using certain exchanges / pools. This can be done to boot strap liquidity and / or allow a decentralisation of the governance of the DEX. The tokes received have value because of expected future income, or governance rights (which may be exploited for future income) Yearn Yearn is a group of smart farmer protocols that allow pooling to reduce gas costs and benefit from smart developers / contracts. The simplest EARN take tokens / stable coins and place them in the highest yielding platform for that token. https://yearn.finance/earn The yCRV vault provides USD stable coin liquidity within curve for trading fees, but also lending fees via Yearn pools for each stable coin (oh and it gets CRV governance tokens…). Other vaults use more complex strategies. The collateral is used to generate stable coins that then generate income from interest rates, Liquidity provision fees, and accrual of governance tokens. Some governance tokens are sold, others are used to optimise the rewards from other platforms. For example, see this video on the Link Vault (Mark Jeffrey 13 mins). https://twitter.com/markjeffrey/status/1300175793352445952 I expect the ETH vault may be similar, but may include Maker to generate the stable coins (rather than borrowing on Aave). This video is a good intro on curve / yearn products (DeFIDad 31 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yP-4pJpKbRU All of these steps can be done by yourself, however, gas costs would be significant unless you have a large amount invested. Yearn, and vaults pay fees to the YFI protocol. YFI YFI is the token for yearn. There are only 30,000 issued. So, you can not earn them, you can: 1) Stake them for governance rewards 2) place in a yYFI vauly to gain more FYI 3) Use them as long term Ventrue capital funds within a DAO (coming soon (tm) ). YFII, YVFV etc. Forks of the YFI with different tokens / fees. YAM, Sushi, YFII, etc. To be completed… Synthetix To be completed... Finally: This is not financial advice. There are multiple risks which get larger as more moving parts are added. Errors and omissions expected. Do you own research. Comments and corrections welcomed
Quick list of the most useful data resources in crypto
Compiled by the Messari Research team: Dune Analytics - provides a number of pre-set sector and project specific dashboards on key metrics needed to assess the health of the industry. Create custom dashboards with SQL by directly querying the Ethereum blockchain. Nansen - On-chain analysis providing various sector and project specific dashboards. Specifically useful for tracking behavior of specific ERC-20 movements from exchanges, unique addresses and large holders. Token Terminal - Great for comparing traditional financial metrics like revenue generated by various protocols. Useful for generating relative valuation comparisons. DeFi Pulse - DeFi Pulse’s Total Value Locked (TVL) metric has become the de facto approximation of the size of DeFi, calculated by summing all collateral locked in a given protocol. Etherscan - Ethereum’s tried and true block explorer. Use cases include checking the status of current on-chain transactions, looking through historical transactions, viewing top holders of a certain token, and monitoring gas fees. CoinMetrics - Broad range of on-chain, price, volume, mining, and supply data points for almost all major blockchains. Glassnode - Multi-purpose data provider offering an array of charts and dashboards like “whale watching” chart that shows the number of addresses holding more than 1,000 BTC. IntotheBlock- Another on-chain/market analytics tool great for conducting due diligence. Offers unique charts that show, for example, order book market depth. Skew - The place for derivative data across bitcoin and ethereum futures and options, useful for analyzing crypto market structure during stress tests like Black Thursday. Messari - The core screener tools allow me to keep up with short and long term price movements. The reports we’ve compiled are also great for tracking leading crypto funds. The charting tool is great for tracking year-to-date performance:
This type of trading occurs in the spot market at the current price. When you are engaged in spot trading, you make a deal at an affordable bid and ask price, which is requested by other market participants. To complete a trade, you need to have available assets to pay for the trade by the settlement date. For example, if you are going to make a purchase of BTC in the amount of $1,500, then you must make a deposit by the date of settlement of at least the specified amount. Usually the date is calculated according to the T + 2 trading day scheme. Otherwise, the exchange will refuse to enter the Bitcoin position. https://preview.redd.it/tvytmqrptnp51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=b0527f8994f4aff3477c5e9484c6c0254e97f2c2
With margin trading, you borrow funds from a third party to increase your position. Margin and spot trading are different. With margin trading, you do not need the full amount of the transaction to open a position, you just need to have assets that will be on the margin of the position you are going to open. For example, you are going to buy BTC for $1000. Some platforms are ready to provide you with up to 100x leverage. That is, you only need $10 on your account to trade Bitcoin for $1,000 BTC. To keep a position open, you only need to hold 1% (with 100x leverage) of the contract amount. Depending on the course of the trade, you can open even more positions or withdraw profits.
What to choose?
Spot Trading: benefits
Management of risks: trading occurs only with your own balance, which you actually own, that is, the impossibility of going into a negative.
Guarantee: spot trading takes place only on own assets. In this way, the exchange ensures that you avoid over-leveraging.
Spot Trading: limitations
Missed trading opportunities: even with confidence in the deal, you will not be able to earn 100% or more, you will only be able to earn the amount that your capital allows.
Margin Trading: benefits
Possibility of increasing profits: the presence of leverage allows you to increase your trade up to 100 times in comparison with your capital.
Low-frequency trading: an increased likelihood of trades identified in this type of trading.
Margin Trading: limitations
Risks: Opportunity to lose more money than the initial investment.
Liquidation: complete liquidation of a position with insufficient funds to cover losses.
What strategy should you follow?
It all depends on your usual trading style and your character: are you tolerant of risks, what knowledge about investing you have. Choose the strategies that are right for you. Check now Spot&Margin Fees on theBitniexwebsite page:https://bitniex.com/fees
https://preview.redd.it/505if19cboq51.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=262229c5e6e31bd75ae91475721a7b76de0f2d4b Officials have become interested in cryptocurrencies from the very moment Bitcoin began to gain popularity. Attempts to find a way to regulate cryptocurrencies are being made regularly since the authorities do not understand that cryptocurrencies are beyond their control. However, the Ministry of Finance of Russia recently came up with a package of amendments, where it proposed punitive initiatives regarding cryptocurrencies. These initiatives include reports on all transfers and receipts. In this regard, we want to discuss the facts regarding the regulation of decentralized cryptocurrencies. Is it even possible to regulate the cryptocurrency? The truth is, this is impossible. At the moment, government agencies around the world are trying to apply the same methods to cryptocurrency that are applied to overseas accounts. Therefore, the owners of crypto wallets just need to be careful and monitor how funds are transferred to them. Financial systems and tax services are danger zones, but, in fairness, there is little they can reach. There are already exchange offices where you withdraw fiat money from your bank account, and then convert it into cryptocurrencies. Once you break the chain of information, and that's it - no one can trace your finances. Therefore, you should not use your main accounts, payroll cards, etc. Of course, you can declare operations with cryptocurrency. But it is unlikely that this will be deliberately done by someone in a sober mind and sound memory unless this is more of a demonstration that is aimed at setting an example for others. But let's remember that the main advantages of the crypto sphere over traditional finance lie precisely in transparency and anonymity. It is thanks to these bonuses that cryptocurrencies have become so popular, while all the attempts of the authorities simply negate these advantages. The crypto market today, in fact, is in its infancy. However, it already surpasses classical financial frameworks in many respects. Crypto enthusiasts, seeing the attempts of the state to regulate something, can only laugh or consider these officials to be men of very little brain. All the prohibitions are clearly invented by people who absolutely do not understand the topic, do not understand the essence of the market, and the technical structure of cryptocurrencies itself. From the point of view of the economic theory of the Austrian school, any attempts performed by the state to interfere in voluntary financial relations, as well as regulate such subtle matters as crypto assets, usually end with exactly the opposite effect. Participants are inventing new and effective ways to protect their assets and stay out of the reach of officials and regulators. At the same time, large amounts of budget money are spent on the useless work of officials, which, in fact, is another confirmation of the inefficiency of centralized systems. These are features of decentralized cryptocurrencies that can be distinguished in comparison with traditional finance:
Decentralized network structure. No need for a central governing body to manage operations. All members of the network are equal and equally affect its state.
Transparency. The list of operations can be freely viewed by everyone, while the confidential information of all users is kept secret. This prevents the possibility of fraud.
Personal data security. During transactions in the crypto network, the name, contact information, address and other personal data remain anonymous. Even the person with whom the deal is being made does not know them.
Maximum availability. For a number of reasons, banking operations are inaccessible to millions of people on Earth. For them, cryptocurrency is a perfect option for financial transactions. Payments can be made anytime, anywhere, and all you need is internet access.
Fast transactions vs long bank transfers, which (in the case of country-to-country transfers) can take several days.
Low fees. Compared to fiat operations, the costs are minimal. All thanks to the complete absence of intermediaries.
We believe that the ‘Old World’, represented by the state and banks, cannot compete with the new high-tech world even now. All laws passed by officials are a complete ignorance of the topic and a waste of budget funds. Unfortunately, this can be said about almost every country in the world, although in some countries the government is more loyal to cryptocurrency, and tries to explore it, instead of fighting against it.
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How to buy Bitcoin in Australia (exchanges compared) - YouTube
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